How to setup a Node.js and Arduino development environment under Ubuntu Server 12.04

Some nights ago I’ve decided to start learning something about a nice project started by Ryan Lienhart Dahl aiming to run javascript code serverside:
its name is Node.js and it’s designed for writing highly scalable Internet application using event-driven asynchronous IO.

My final goal is to have a central server commanding one or more Arduino to have my home automated as much as possible.

Setup an Ubuntu Server

First of all I had to setup an ubuntu server on an old Asus AT3GCI.
This step is really easy: you have to make a bootable usb key with Pen Drive Linux.

This is the howto you eventually need:
http://www.ubuntu.com/download/help/create-a-usb-stick-on-windows

You have to choose this distribution from the dropdown:
Ubuntu Server 12.04 Installer

When done we have to set sshd up and running to let us connect to the server.

sudo apt-get install openssh-server

This was enough for me, but if you need something more you can find a good howto here

http://help.ubuntu-it.org/6.06/ubuntu/serverguide/it/openssh-server.html

If you use putty on windows you may have some charset issue with non-standard chars.
To fix this go on:
windowtranslationremote character
and set: UTF-8

Setup Node.js Enviroment

To have Node Js up to date on your Ubuntu system you have to use nvm (Node Version Manager).

sudo apt-get install git
git clone git://github.com/creationix/nvm.git ~/.nvm
echo ". ~/.nvm/nvm.sh" >> ~/.bashrc
nvm install v0.8.8
nvm alias default v0.8.8

This will install Git, clone the repository for nvm, run nvm on every login, install version 0.8.8 of node and then use as default.

To check if node is working use the code from this page:
http://nodejs.org/api/synopsis.html.

If you want to use port 80, default for http, you have to start node from root, cause under Linux port below 1024 can be opened only by root.
This means you have to install another nvm on the root account.
Or you can route another port to the 80 with iptables:

iptables -t nat -A PREROUTING -p tcp --dport 80 -j REDIRECT --to-port 8080

Connect Arduino

Take your usb cable and connect arduino to the development Ubuntu server.
Use dmesg to know which device it will be associated to.

dmesg | tail
[...]
[   44.184049] usb 2-1: new full-speed USB device number 2 using uhci_hcd
[   44.436617] cdc_acm 2-1:1.0: ttyACM0: USB ACM device
[   44.439327] usbcore: registered new interface driver cdc_acm
[   44.439334] cdc_acm: USB Abstract Control Model driver for USB modems and ISDN adapters
[   46.032089] usb 2-1: USB disconnect, device number 2

Well, now a little check to be sure serial communication is up running:

echo 'asd' > /dev/ttyACM0

rx and tx led on the arduino board will blink.

If the system returns an access error your user probably is not in the dialout group.
Add it:

addgroup  dialout

If you need an example on how the serial communication works on Arduino take a look here:
http://arduino.cc/en/Serial/Read

I’ve used minicom to communicate via serial:

apt-get install minicom

setup: http://www.cyberciti.biz/tips/connect-soekris-single-board-computer-using-minicom.html

Develop something!

Here we go: we’re ready to write some code in Node.js and develop something that will be useful to our life ๐Ÿ™‚

What I’ve done since now its an application that let you switch a led on and off from the web.
Recently I’ve added also an RGB led you can set the color by entering an hex into a form.
Here’s the repo:
https://github.com/setola/SetoLan

  • Davide

    Gettin’ trough this website after a plugin creation for WP. Searching around a website, I got a plugin made by you and then I find you have so great interests. Keep the hard work to make web a better place. ๐Ÿ˜‰